Life in an Indian Village
India is a developing country. The villages outnumber the towns and cities in India. More than seventy two per cent of the Indian population lives in villages. Almost all villagers are dependent on agriculture. Since Independence, the villages in India have been developing. A village is free from the hustle and bustle of a city life. Life in a village is peaceful, calm and quiet. The natural beauty and greenery are a feast for the eyes. There are village panchayats and village heads to look after the affairs of the village.
Life in a village is not as fast as it is In a city. Most Indian villages have one primary school. Students go to the nearest town for higher education. Unlike in a city, schools start late in a village. Students either walk or commute by bicycles. Very few vehicles run on the roads. Only a few buses are available at fixed hours.
The houses in Indian villages are mostly built of bamboo with thatched roofs. The bamboo walls are plastered with mud. A developed Indian village has brick houses with plastered roofs or tinned roofs. The typical village home also houses cattle, sheep, goats and poultry.
Villages have narrow roads. They have muddy roads or cobbled streets. A village road has paddy fields, vegetable fields and corn fields on either side. Small streams which facilitate irrigation adorn the fields.
Villages are thinly populated as compared to towns and cities. Every houses has a big open area at the front and a vegetable garden at the backyard. Some houses have flower gardens in front of them.
Most Indian villages have weekly mobile markets. Things of all kinds starting from clothes, food, and grocery to electrical gods, cattle, etc. are sold her. There are very few shops. People living in villages go to the towns for purchasing goods.
Villagers in hilly areas use the water of streams for drinking and washing villagers in the plains use well, hand pump or pond water for the same. Those residing near the river use river water. Most houses in remote villages some villages have government water supply facility. Most villages do not have provision for clean drinking water. Some villagers take their cattle to the pond. Buffaloes go deep in to the water and make it dirty.
Most of the rural areas are characterized by poverty. The levels of productivity are low. There is lack of basic minimum services. Villagers are superstitious to some extent.
However, unlike a city, a village has lots of open space and greenery. One can breathe the fresh air. Villages are free from pollution. The natural beauty of a village soothes the senses of its inhabitants. In village a person always gets fresh air to breathe which is good of his health. Country people are healthier than the people cities because they, unlike city people are healthier than the people of cities because they unlike city people, get pollution free air to breathe in. they do more physical labor in their fields and stay active while people of cities do not have enough time even for a morning walk due to their faster and hectic life. Even doctors suggest many a patient to spend some time in the countryside to heal themselves. Neighbors in a village live like a family. They help each other in the four of need. Villagers are simple, sincere and honest. The village folk not only dress simply but also display simplicity in their meals and work life. They are hardworking. They toil in the fields despite rain and heat.
Transportation is a big problem in villages. There are no proper roads in many villages. There is no electricity in a number of villages even after over six decades of independence. There is an acute scarcity of proper drinking water in many villages. The condition of healthcare is pathetic in remote villages.
The government of India has formulated the National Common Minimum programme for the overall development of our country. Under this programme different Ministries carry our different projects. The ministry of rural development has given foremost priority to the development of ru4al areas and the eradication of poverty and hunger from the face of rural India. A number of projects like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act , Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna, and Swaranjayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana, etc. have been taken up. A vigilance committee has also been set up to oversee the implementation and ensure that benefits of such programmes actually reach the rural masses.
Essay No . 2
Life In An Indian Village
India is an agricultural country. Most of the people live in villages. They depend on land for their bread. They work hard in the open fields till it is almost dark. There are three types of villages in India. Those having many facilities are included in first category. In second category we have some facilities. In third category there is no facility such as post office, school, road, drains, light, telephone etc.
The villagers lead very simple life. The farmers breathe in fresh air and take simple diet which keep them fit and strong . their family is a good example of industry and co-operation. Wives help their husbands in the fields besides doing domestic duties. Even small children share their parents work.
It does not, however, mean that village life is all work and no play. The villagers have their own pleasures. While gathering the harvest, they chat, sing, dance and make merry. In leisure time, they gather at one place and sing songs and do country dances. Every day they have hours of rest and recreation. At noon they sit under some shady tree and enjoy smoking. In the evening, when the day’s work is over, they return home singing merry songs.
One thing pains me most. It is the rural illiteracy. The village people are mostly uneducated. One can deceive them easily. The Sahukars rob them of their money. They are prey to so many evils due to their ignorance. The custom of early marriage is very popular among them. Now it is losing ground with the spread of education.
The villagers quarrel with one another over little things. They often do murders for their false prestige. They sometimes do acts of robberies. They run to courts for settlement of their dispute. Thus they spend like water their hard earned money. Besides this, drinking is another vice. They are very fond of it. Specially on the occasions of marriage and festivals they take wine like water. These are two important causes of their poverty. There is no post office in a village. So it is very difficult to send and get letters. There are no means of recreation in a village. They pass their time in gossips. There is no hospital. There is no road. There are no drains.
The villagers have health but no wealth. They have strength but they have no culture. The villager is simple. He believes in unnecessary things. He knows no acts of cunningness. He is God fearing and not man – fearing. He is so superstitious that he does many bad thing out of ignorance. He has great respect for the dead but does not care for old people. The village which is near the city , is changing and progressing.
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Introduction: Village Life refers to the life of the people living as small groups in rural areas. The life of villagers is quite different from Rural life.
Gandhiji said that India lives primarily in villages. But when we talk of India’s progress or achievement, we only think of the standard of living in cities. Consequently the cities are flourishing and the villages are going down day by day.
Problems of village life: At present, the condition of the life of the people living in villages is gloomy. The problems of our villagers are many and varied.
- The villagers are poor, ignorant and superstitious.
- Most of the villages have no basic amenities like good roads, schools and hospitals.
- The condition of village schools is not satisfactory. Moreover, the villagers don’t understand the importance of education.
- A large number of children are engaged in economic activities, mainly agriculture.
- They do not know the laws of health.
Solutions for upliftment of village life: For their solution some concrete programs should be taken by both the Government and the local bodies.
- Mass education should be spread by establishing more primary and secondary schools. It must be made both compulsory and free.
- Night schools should be set up for the illiterate adults to teach them to read and write.
- Roads and other means of communication in the village should be improved.
- Cottage industries should be revived and agriculture should be modernized.
- Villages should be electrified to remove the depressing darkness of rural night.
- Villagers should be educated regarding elementary hygiene and scientific method of cultivation.
- Every Block should have a hospital or a primary health centre for priding medical aids to the villagers.
- Rural banking should be set up for financial assistance to the village people.
Conclusion: In recent years the Central and the State Governments have taken some steps to improve the condition of the villagers. The village Panchayat and the Co-operative Credit Societies are two important factors in this respect. All these will strengthen rural economy and make villages not only habitable but also attractive and prosperous.