Aids Outline For An Essay

A List Of Essay Topics On Aids: 25 Great Suggestions

If you should write your essay on AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), you can cover lots of interesting issues. Let your topic be devoted to something you feel strongly about, or choose an issue that you would like to learn more about. Here is a list of great topic suggestions for your reference:

  1. The human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) versus AIDS.
  2. How do these two stages of the disease differ?

  3. How are HIV-affected men represented in American movies? Investigation into stereotypes.
  4. The testing for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome should be made mandatory for all pregnant women.
  5. What are the risks if an infected pregnant woman refuses to do screening?

  6. The history of AIDS. In your essay, delve into the origin and development of this disease.
  7. Methods of preventing this disease.
  8. Are condoms the only reliable precautionary means? What is the situation with the development of an effective vaccine today?

  9. Ways to get infected. What should people be careful of?
  10. Saving lives versus refusing contraception: religious views on the problem.
  11. Why is anti-condom propaganda favored by religious organizations today?

  12. AIDs and orphans. Coping with losing parents.
  13. Symptoms of HIV.
  14. Medical treatment of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  15. HIV-affected children and their families. What are the challenges and stresses to cope with?
  16. Homosexuals with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome with no support from their families and society. Causes and solutions.
  17. Sexual behavior and HIV: Europe versus America. Refer to national surveys and statistics to back up your essay.
  18. AIDS in Africa: why is specifically this continent associated with this disease? Investigate what economic and social issues are conducive to the spread of the virus.
  19. Problems in HIV prevention among teenagers.
  20. Adolescents should be educated on sexual behavior and sexually transmitted diseases. Should this course be mandatory in schools?
  21. Microbicides as means of HIV prevention.
  22. CNN (Condoms, Needles, Negotiation) approach versus ABC (Abstinence, Being faithful, Condom Use) approach. Which one is more effective in fighting the epidemic?
  23. Asia as a new AIDS epidemic center.
  24. Attitudes towards working or studying with HIV-affected individuals. How can they be changed?
  25. Ageing HIV-infected patients: challenges and problems.
  26. Risks at work. Nurses that take care of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome risk their lives every day. How do they perceive the issue?
  27. Prejudices towards HIV carriers. Offer possible solutions in your essay.
  28. Asymptomatic HIV disease: is it possible?
  29. AIDS prevention programs in the US and UK: comparative analysis.


An outline presents a picture of the main ideas and the subsidiary ideas of any subject. Some typical uses of outlining are: a class reading assignment, an essay, a term paper, a book review or a speech.  For any of these, an outline will show  a basic overview and important details.

Some professors will require an outline in sentence form, or require the main points to be in chronological order, or have other specific requirements. A student�s first responsibility, of course, is to follow the requirements of the particular assignment.  What follows illustrates only the basics of outlining. The library presents it as a quick reminder because students often ask about outlining, and the information is not easy to find quickly in various reference books.       


Below is a synopsis of the outline form. The main ideas take roman numerals. Sub-points under each main idea take capital letters and are indented. Sub-points under the capital letters, if any, take italic numbers and are further indented.

        I.  MAIN IDEA
               A. Subsidiary idea or supporting idea to I
               B. Subsidiary idea or supporting idea to I
                   1. Subsidiary idea to B
                   2. Subsidiary idea to B
                       a) Subsidiary idea to 2
                       b) Subsidiary idea to 2

        II.  MAIN IDEA
               A. Subsidiary or supporting idea to II
               B. Subsidiary idea to II
               C. Subsidiary idea to II

        III.  MAIN IDEA

It is up to the writer to decide on how many main ideas and supporting ideas adequately describe the subject.  However, if there is a I in the outline, there has to be a II; if there is an A, there has to be a B; if there is a 1, there has to be a 2, and so forth.


Suppose you are outlining a speech on AIDS, and these are some of the ideas you feel should be included: AZT, Transmittal, AIDS babies, Teenagers, Safe sex, Epidemic numbers, Research.    

To put these ideas into outline form, decide first on the main encompassing ideas.  These might be: I. Transmittal, II. Societal Consequences, III. Research.

Next, decide where the rest of the important ideas fit in. Are they part of AIDS transmittal or AIDS societal consequences or AIDS research solutions?  The complete outline might look like this:

Major Aspects of Aids                 

       I. Transmittal of AIDS
           A. Transfusions
           B. Body fluids
               1. Sexual
               2. Non-sexual

      II.  Societal Consequences of AIDS
            A. Epidemic disease pattern
                1. Teenagers
                2. Women
                3. Homosexuals
            B. AIDS babies
            C. Increased homophobia
            D. Overburdened health care

     III.  Research Solutions to AIDS
            A. AZT
            B. HIV virus
            C. Other viruses

It is only possible to make an outline if you have familiarity with the subject. Not only in the initial outline, but during the course of the research, the writer may find it necessary to add, subtract or change the position of various ideas. This is acceptable as long as the logical relationship among ideas is preserved.



Campbell, W. G. (1954).  Form and style in thesis writing. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Ellis, B.  L. (1971).  How to write themes and terms papers. New York: Barron�s               

Gibaldi,  J. &  Achtert, W. S. (1984).  MLA handbook for writers of research papers.           
   New York: Modern Language Association.

Lloyd Sealy Library
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