Overpopulation Assignment Help

 

Al Salman 1

Hajer Al SalmanMelissa QuitadamoEnglish 110217 April, 2017Population Control Population control reers to the s!stematic regulation o the num"er o persons in a particular state in addressing the su"ject o under or o#erpopulation$ %his is the arti&cial practice o altering the rate o human population increase$ %he methods o control are #ar! rom a single state to another "ased on the o"jecti#e o the practice$Historicall!, population control has al'a!s "een accomplished "! the limitation or increasing the rate o "irth to lo'er or increase the population "! the mandates o the go#ernment (Carins )0*+$ %his has "een utilied as a response se#eral actors that include the rapid increase in the po#ert! rate, en#ironmental issues, o#erpopulation, under population and religious reasons$ %he thought o population control dates "ac- in the 1.

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 centur! 'hen the population o di/erent states "egan to dou"le$ %his led to the implementation o control policies in countries such as ndia and China 'hich are characteried 'ith the highest population$ #erpopulation o/ers increased opportunities to the rise o social, economic, and en#ironmental e#ils such as pollution, o#ercro'ding, scarcit! o resources, unemplo!ment po#ert!, and illnesses (!r"!e )))+$ At this point, it is, thereore,

Over population An Impediment to Economic Growth

It is sometimes said that a growing population helps economic development by providing an expanding market for goods. But this is an erroneous view. Actually. over – population retards economic growth. All effort at economic entrapment under fast growing population turns out to be writing with waves of population growth washing away all that we have written.t hampers economic development in following.

Creating Food Shortage. Income elasticity of demand for food being high growing population  serious food problem as incomes increase with economic development Valuable foreign exchange is eaten up by food imports which would have been otherwise utilized for importing capital equipment and technical know-how.

Increasing Unproductive Numbers. The greater is the increase in numbers the higher is the dependency ratio. A large number of children have to be supported without making any contribution to production.

Problem of Unemployment. An overpopulated country has to face the serious problem of unemployment and under- employment. There is disguised unemployment in rural areas and widespread employment in urban areas. This means that there is a large number of people who are no.

(iv) Reduction in Savings and Investment. A country having a huge population to support has little capacity to save and invest. How can the country advance economically?

(v) Loss of \Omen’s Labor. Frequent maternity disables women from work and denies their contribution to production and economic development.

Conclusion. Thus, growing population aggravates the food problem, worsens the unemployment situation, adds to the number of unproductive consumers, keeps down per capital income’ and the level of living and labor efficiency and militates against capital formation. In all these and many other ways, rapid rate of population growth acts as a drag on economic progress and slows down the pace of economic development.

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