Research Paper Sample Output Icon

The CREATe Working Paper series is an open access resource designed to rapidly disseminate original research by CREATe investigators and associated scholars to the wider community. In addition to ensuring that new research becomes immediately available to the public in this rapidly-changing field, the series captures digital outputs which are not traditionally suited to the academic format but which nevertheless serve as anchor points for discussion, debate and advancement of understanding.

New additions to the series are made constantly throughout the year. Types of papers published include 1) specially commissioned pieces on topical issues related to intellectual property and the creative economy; 2) scoping reviews of relevant literature and methodologies; 3) digital transcripts of live conferences and workshops; and 4) research outputs which may include pre-prints of articles or papers under development by CREATe affiliated researchers.

The Editorial Board of the CREATe Working Paper series is headed up by Professor Philip Schlesinger and consists of a group of 15 senior faculty and future research leaders. The Editorial Board makes selection decisions about CREATe-funded research to feature in the series and evaluates unsolicited submissions for further external review. For more information about the Working Paper series and submission guidelines, consult the Guidelines for Authors page.

The CREATe Working Paper series is committed to public, open access. For that reason, the series is made available directly below and permanently archived on Zenodo.

Papers Published:

2017

Living With(in) Copyright Law: What is it, how does it work, how could it change? Project Report
CREATe Working Paper 2017/10 (May 2017)
Lee Edwards, Giles Moss, Kristina Karvelyte (83 pages)
More details and abstract

Business Models, Intellectual Property and the Creative Industries: A Meta-analysis
CREATe Working Paper 2017/09 (June 2017)
Nicola Searle (51 pages)
More details and abstract

EU copyright reform: the case for a related right for press publishers
CREATe Working Paper 2017/08 (April 2017)
Thomas Höppner (37 pages) More details and abstract

Digitalisation and intermediaries
in the music industry

CREATe Working Paper 2017/07 (April 2017)
Morten Hviid, Sabine Jacques, and Sofia Izquierdo Sanches (41 pages) More details and abstract

From publishers to self-publishing: The disruptive effects of digitalisation on the book industry
CREATe Working Paper 2017/06 (March 2017)
Morten Hviid, Sabine Jacques, and Sofia Izquierdo Sanches (55 pages) More details and abstract

A lecture recording in higher education: risky business or evolving open practice
CREATe Working Paper 2017/05 (March 2017)
Juliana Rios-Amaya, Jane Secker, and Chris Morrison (47 pages) More details and abstract

An Explorative Review of Copyright Education: Studies and Resources
CREATe Working Paper 2017/04 (March 2017)
Hayleigh Bosher (21 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright and Cultural Memory: Digital Conference Proceedings
CREATe Working Paper 2017/03 (March 2017)
Ronan Deazley and Andrea Wallace (eds) (107 pages) More details and abstract

The competition discourse in British broadcasting policy
CREATe Working Paper 2017/02 (February 2017)
Richard Paterson (2017) (28 pages) More details and abstract

Digitization and changing windowing strategies in the television industry: negotiating new windows on the world
CREATe Working Paper 2017/01 (January 2017)
Gillian Doyle (2017) (33 pages) More details and abstract

2016

Press Publisher Rights in the New Copyright in the Digital Single Market Draft Directive
CREATe Working Paper 2016/15 (December 2016)
Raquel Xalabarder (2016) (24 pages) More details and abstract

A Future for the Creative Economy: a report by Ruth Towse
CREATe Working Paper 2016/14 (November 2016)
Ruth Towse (2016) (16 pages) More details and abstract

Fashion micro-enterprises in London, Berlin, Milan
CREATe Working Paper 2016/13 (November 2016)
Angela McRobbie, Dan Strutt, Carolina Bandinelli, Bettina Springer (2016) (54 pages) More details and abstract

The creative economy: invention of a global orthodoxy
CREATe Working Paper 2016/12 (October 2016)
Philip Schlesinger, University of Glasgow (2016) (21 pages) More details and abstract

Why a reform of hosting providers’ safe harbour is unnecessary under EU copyright law
CREATe Working Paper 2016/11 (August 2016)
Dr Eleonora Rosati, University of Southampton and e-LAWnora (2016), (24 pages) More details and abstract

Connecting creativity, value and money
CREATe Working Paper 2016/10 (22 Jun 2016)
Bob Last, CREATe Industry Fellow (2016), (154 pages) More details and abstract

The European Commission’s public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain: A response by the European Copyright Society
CREATe Working Paper 2016/09 (29 Jun 2016)
Martin Kretschmer, Séverine Dusollier, Christophe Geiger, and P. Bernt Hugenholtz (2016), (10 pages) More details and abstract

DRAFT Industry Guidelines to Respect Copyright and Free Speech: Guidelines for copyright owners and intermediaries for respecting the right to freedom of expression as it relates to copyrighted works
CREATe Working Paper 2016/08 (22 Jun 2016)
Laidlaw, Emily; Mac Síthigh, Daithí (2016), (13 pages) More details and abstract

From infringement to exception: why the rules on data mining in Europe need to change
CREATe Working Paper 2016/07 (27 Jun 2016)
Christian Geib (2016), (47 pages) More details and abstract

The career-building strategies of individual creators: A meta-analysis of qualitative research funded by CREATe
CREATe Working Paper 2016/06 (21 Jun 2016)
Ealasaid Munro (2016), (41 pages) More details and abstract

Blockchain or the Chaingang – Challenges, opportunities and hype: the music industry and blockchain technologies
CREATe Working Paper 2016/05 (11 May 2016)
Jeremy Silver (2016), (67 pages) More details and abstract

What is the Point of Copyright History? Reflections on Copyright at Common Law in 1774 by H. Tomás Gómez-Arostegui
CREATe Working Paper 2016/04 (16 March 2016)
Elena Cooper and Ronan Deazley (eds), (88 pages) More details and abstract

Regulating CMOs by competition: an incomplete answer to the licensing problem?
CREATe Working Paper 2016/03 (16 March 2016)
Morten Hviid, Simone Schroff and John Street (2016), (31 pages) More details and abstract

Copying, Creativity and Copyright
CREATe Working Paper 2016/02 (1 February 2016)
Ronan Deazley and Bartolomeo Meletti (2016), (22 pages) More details and abstract

To Pay or Not to Pay? Determinants of Unlawful Product Acquisition
CREATe Working Paper 2016/01 (7 January 2016)
Piers Fleming, Melanie Parravano and Daniel John Zizzo (2016), (53 pages) More details and abstract

2015

The South Korean Music Industry: A Literature Review
CREATe Working Paper 2015/12 (16 December 2015)
Keith Negus (2015), (19 pages) More details and abstract

Privacy, Security and Data Protection in Smart Cities: a Critical EU Law Perspective
CREATe Working Paper 2015/11 (3 December 2015)
Lilian Edwards (2015), (39 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright and Business Models in UK Music Publishing
CREATe Working Paper 2015/10 (3 December 2015)
Ruth Towse (2015), (23 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright, Football and European Media Rights
CREATe Working Paper 2015/09 (18 November 2015)
Raymond Boyle (2015), (20 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright Collectives and Contracts: An Economic Theory Perspective
CREATe Working Paper 2015/08 (31 August 2015)
Richard Watt (2015), (16 pages) More details and abstract

Is There a EU Copyright Jurisprudence? An Empirical Analysis of the Workings of the European Court of Justice
CREATe Working Paper 2015/07 (27 August 2015)
Marcella Favale, Martin Kretschmer and Paul C. Torremans (2015), (41 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright and Music Policy in China: A Literature Review
CREATe Working Paper 2015/06 (24 August 2015)
John Street, Li Zhang, Maja Simuniak and Qingning Wang (2015), (44 pages) More details and abstract

Inside a Cultural Agency: Team Ethnography and Knowledge Exchange
CREATe Working Paper 2015/05 (14 August 2015)
Philip Schlesinger, Melanie Selfe and Ealasaid Munro (2015), (18 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright and Freedom of Expression: A Literature Review
CREATe Working Paper 2015/04 (29 May 2015)
Yin Harn Lee, with preface and summary by Emily Laidlaw and Daithi Mac Sithigh (2015), (247 pages) More details and abstract

Collective Management Organisations, Creativity and Cultural Diversity
CREATe Working Paper 2015/03 (22 May 2015)
John Street, Dave Laing and Simone Schroff (2015), (29 pages) More details and abstract

Monkeying Around with Copyright – Animals, AIs and Authorship in Law
CREATe Working Paper 2015/02 (17 March 2015)
David Komuves, Jesus Niebla Zatarain, Burkhard Schafer, Laurence Diver (2015), (11 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain
CREATe Working Paper 2015/01 (10 February 2015)
Kristofer Erickson, Paul Heald, Fabian Homberg, Martin Kretschmer and Dinusha Mendis (2015), (93 pages) More details and abstract

2014

Copyright at Common Law in 1774
CREATe Working Paper 2014/16 (3 November 2014)
H. Tomás Gómez-Arostegui (2014), (57 pages) More details and abstract

The Use of Privacy Icons and Standard Contract Terms for Generating Consumer Trust and Confidence in Digital Services
CREATe Working Paper 2014/15 (31 October 2014)
Lilian Edwards and Wiebke Abel (2014), (33 pages) More details and abstract

User illusion: ideological construction of ‘user-generated content’ in the EC consultation on copyright
CREATe Working Paper 2014/14 (28 October 2014)
Kristofer Erickson (2014), (16 pages) More details and abstract
Virtual worlds players – consumers or citizens?
CREATe Working Paper 2014/13 (28 October 2014)
Edina Harbinja (2014), (12 pages) More details and abstract

Self-enforcing or self-executing? What Computational Copyright can learn from LKIF Transaction Configurations for Eurobonds
CREATe Working Paper 2014/12 (28 October 2014)
Orlando Conetta and Burkhard Schafer (2014), (19 pages) More details and abstract

Report on a computer assisted copyright reform observatory
CREATe Working Paper 2014/11 (28 October 2014)
Ermo Täks, Addi Rull, Anni Säär and Burkhard Schafer (2014), (33 pages) More details and abstract

The Aereo dilemma and copyright in the cloud
CREATe Working Paper 2014/10 (13 October 2014)
Monica Horten (2014), (14 pages) More details and abstract

The European Commission’s public consultation on the review of EU copyright rules: a response by the CREATe Centre
CREATe Working Paper 2014/09 (13 October 2014)
Martin Kretschmer, Ronan Deazley, Lilian Edwards, Kristofer Erickson, Burkhard Schafer and Daniel John Zizzo (2014), (12 pages) More details and abstract

Literature reviews as a means of communicating progress in research
CREATe Working Paper 2014/07 (4 August 2014)
Ruth Towse (2014), (8 pages) More details and abstract

From organisational crisis to multiplatform salvation? Creative destruction and the recomposition of news media
CREATe Working Paper 2014/06 (14 May 2014)
Philip Schlesinger and Gillian Doyle (2014), (22 pages) More details and abstract

Determinants and Welfare Implications of Unlawful File Sharing: A Scoping Review
CREATe Working Paper 2014/05 (11 April 2014)
Steven James Watson, Daniel John Zizzo and Piers Fleming (2014), (62 pages) More details and abstract

Archives and Copyright: Developing an Agenda for Reform
CREATe Working Paper 2014/04 (24 February 2014)
Ronan Deazley and Victoria Stobo (eds) (2014), (118 pages) More details and abstract

Research Perspectives on the Public Domain
CREATe Working Paper 2014/03 (12 February 2014)
Kris Erickson and Martin Kretschmer (eds) (2014), (58 pages) More details and abstract

The Future Implications of the Usedsoft Decision
CREATe Working Paper 2014/02 (1 February 2014)
Paul L.C. Torremans (2014) (11 pages) More details and abstract

Open Access Publishing: A Literature Review
CREATe Working Paper 2014/01 (17 January 2014)
Giancarlo Frosio under the supervision of Estelle Derclaye (2014) (219 pages) More details and abstract

2013

Copyright & Risk: Scoping the Wellcome Digital Library Project
CREATe Working Paper 2013/10 (13 December 2013)
Victoria Stobo with Ronan Deazley and Ian G. Anderson (2013) (60 pages) More details and abstract

Writing About Comics and Copyright
CREATe Working Paper 2013/9 (29 November 2013)
Ronan Deazley and Jason Mathis (2013) (45 pages) More details and abstract

Intellectual Property Puts Article 6(1) Brussels I Regulation to the Test
CREATe Working Paper 2013/8 (10 September 2013)
Paul L.C. Torremans (2013) (12 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright, and the Regulation of Orphan Works: A comparative review of seven jurisdictions and a rights clearance simulation
CREATe Working Paper 2013/7 (3 July 2013)
Marcella Favale, Fabian Homberg, Martin Kretschmer, Dinusha Mendis and Davide Secchi (2013), This report was commissioned by the Intellectual Property Office to support the implementation of the Hargreaves Review. (104 pages) More details and abstract

Twitter (R)evolution: Privacy, Free Speech and Disclosure
CREATe Working Paper 2013/6 (3 June 2013)
Lilian Edwards, Andrea Matwyshyn (2013), This paper will be presented at the International World Wide Web Conference, May 13–17, 2013, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and published in the WWW 2013 Companion (ACM 978-1-4503-2038-2/13/05). Copyright is held by the International World Wide Web Conference Committee (IW3C2). (10 pages) More details and abstract

“What happens to my Facebook profile when I die?” : Legal Issues Around Transmission of Digital Assets on Death
CREATe Working Paper 2013/5 (20 May 2013)
Lilian Edwards, Edina Harbinja (2013), Pre-print of a chapter forthcoming in “Digital Legacy and Interaction: Post-Mortem Issues” edited by Vinicius Carpe and Cristiano Maciel (Springer, forthcoming November 2013). (25 pages) More details and abstract

Copyright and the Economic Effects of Parody: An empirical study of music videos on the YouTube platform, and an assessment of regulatory options
CREATe Working Paper 2013/4 (18 March 2013)
Kris Erickson, Martin Kretschmer, Dinusha Mendis (2013), published as an Independent Report for the UK Intellectual Property Office (38 pages) More details and abstract

Archives and Copyright: Risk and Reform
CREATe Working Paper 2013/3 (Released 17 March 2013; Version 1.1 10 April 2013)
Ronan Deazley and Victoria Stobo (2013) More details and abstract

“CCTV sniffing”: Copyright and Data Protection Implications
CREATe Working Paper 2013/2 (February 2013)
Smita Kheria, Daithi Mac Sithigh, Judith Rauhofer, Burkhard Schafer, A modified version of this paper was published as (Mis)appropriation Art? : Copyright and Data Protection implications of ‘CCTV Sniffing’ as Art. / Kheria, Smita; Mac Sithigh, Daithi; Rauhofer, Judith; Schafer, Burkhard. Abstraktion und Applikation. ed. / E Schweighofer; F Kummer; W Hötzendorfer. OCG, 2013. p. 489-98.More details and abstract

What Constitutes Evidence for Copyright Policy? Digital Proceedings of ESRC Symposium
CREATe Working Paper 2013/1 (31 January 2013)
Martin Kretschmer and Ruth Towse (eds) (2013), (135 pages) More details and abstract

The website category is the most interactive of all NHD categories. A website should reflect your ability to use website design software and computer technology to communicate your topic’s significance in history. Your historical website should be a collection of web pages, interconnected by hyperlinks, that presents both primary and secondary sources and your historical analysis. To engage and inform viewers, your website should incorporate interactive multimedia, text, non-textual descriptions (e.g., photographs, maps, music, etc.), and interpretations of sources. To construct a website, you must have access to the Internet and be able to operate appropriate software and equipment.

How is a Website Different from Other Categories?

Websites can display materials online, your own historical analysis as well as primary and secondary sources. Websites are interactive experiences where viewers can play music, look at a video or click on different links. Viewers can freely navigate and move through the website. Websites use color, images, fonts, documents, objects, graphics and design, as well as words, to tell your story.

  • Research your topic first. Examine primary and secondary sources. From this research, create your thesis. This will be the point that you want to make with your historical website.
  • Narrow in on the content of your website. Decide what information you want to incorporate in your web pages, such as any photos, primary documents, or media clips you may have found. You should be sure to have plenty of supporting information for your thesis.
  • Create your website with the NHD Site Editor.Click here to begin the registration process.
  • Consider organization and design.
    • Keep it simple: don’t waste too much time on bells and whistles. Tell your story and tell it straight.
    • Borrow ideas from other websites: find design elements that work and imitate them on your website. Just remember to give credit where credit is due.
    • Make sure every element of your design points back to your topic, thesis, and/or time period. There should be a conscious reason for every choice you make about color, typeface, or graphics.

PLEASE NOTE – If you converted your website to save from previous contest years, you will need to use a new email address to create an account for the 2015 contest. The email address is optional and only used to recover passwords in the event of forgotten or lost passwords.

With so many complaints in the past regarding the Scrib.d element on NHD Weebly, we have removed this element and recommend students post their bibliographies and process papers as PDF files on their websites, using the ‘File’ element under ‘Media’. Please visit the following website created by former NHD participant, Christopher Su, for helpful tips and guides: NHD Website Resources

If you have any further questions please email IT@nhd.org with your current URL and login information. If you have lost your login information, cannot convert your standard Weebly to NHD Weebly, or need an account recovered please email nhdsupport@weebly.com.

A process paper is a description of how you conducted your research, developed your topic idea, and created your entry. The process paper must also explain the relationship of your topic to the contest theme. For more information on the Process Paper and other rules, review the Contest Rule Book (English) / Contest Rule Book (Spanish).

National Contest Student Website Examples

Junior Group

Senior Group

Senior Individual

China's Surge into Silk: The Exploration, Encounter, and Exchange of the Silk Road

Tigan Donaldson & Brian Ely

The Visionary Exploration of Jacques Cousteau: Changing Perceptions of the Ocean through Undersea Encounters

Sovigne Gardner & Grace Gardner

Ada Lovelace, The Enchantress of Computing: Exploring the Beginnings of the Information Evolution

Denisse Cordova

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